Security and violence

The need for security is the most important of human needs, after the physiological ones. As a result, the security concern occupies a large section of the Syrian citizen’s spectrum of concerns, these days.

The current Syrian generation has lived through a long period of stability and turned, like any social state, into a culture (the culture of stable society.) And within the atmosphere of the culture of stability, the culture of social and individual ambitions for growth and development is established.

Afterwards, mutual violence incidents came to bring down this stability for it to be replaced with a security chaos that was manifested in a number of ways, including:

  • Mutual war, and the resulting violence from both sides of the conflict may seem random in a lot of cases, with all kinds of weapons, in addition to terrorist bombings, which led to the killing of thousands of civilians and the destruction of burning of their property.
  • Security vacuum and the shaking of the state prestige opened the door before the culture of violence so that it turned into a phenomenon of the society. Killing, robbery and abduction incidents and demanding ransoms or fees spread all over.
  • The total or partial destruction of many factories, warehouses, crops and infrastructure, as well as the movement of goods and commercial exchange being affected, resulted in a shortage in many necessary goods, medicine and energy. Even the environment and monuments that represent the civilised heritage of the Syrian citizen were affected by destruction and looting.
  • The media played a huge negative role in spreading terror amongst the ranks of the people, from old to young.

All the previous elements led to the paralysis of many sectors, whether partially or fully, including the education sector. Some university and school areas have become unsafe and others turned into refugee centres, in addition to the fact that the people’s fears in general have prevented them from sending their children to schools, partially or fully.

Therefore, the Syrian citizen has a direct fear for oneself and for family members, a direct fear for the safety of the house and property and a direct fear for the safety of economic interests. This daily state of fear and anxiety from a future that is unclear, in fact from a tomorrow that is unclear, has reflected on the behaviour of citizens, their conduct and work, which lead to a backdrop in their conduct, in general. Thus, the socioeconomic situation is increasingly becoming more complicated.

The security situation was a direct cause for displacement and migration, including the migration of expertise, capital and investment.

This experience that Syrians are going through developed a nostalgia for the days of stability and realising its importance. This crisis strongly shed the light on the importance of the security status and the discipline of the society and state, alike, in order to consolidate the state of stability.

Healthy political change and economic and political development would only be available in an atmosphere of stability. The lack of the stability of security means the lack of the ability for planning and future calculations at all levels, as a result of which a recession would take place in all domains. No political change would be able to remedy that damage, no matter how perfect it may be, unless after a long period passes, which forms, in the end, a part of time the country needs to progress towards any achievement.

The importance of the security issue is matched by the difficulty in resolving it. For despite the relatively swift transition of power in some Arabic countries, after the upheaval that took place in them, they are still suffering until this day from the lack of political stability, and from security upheaval and social violence. From control of armed militia to revenge between factions to increase in organised crime levels and political violence, to genocide. In the modern and old history there are more violent examples, for the French, for example, presented more than a million victims until the French revolution stabilised.

Violence that is taking place has many reasons, some of which are political and historical, some of which are sectarian, some of which relate to the fabric and composition of the society and some of which relates to foreign intervention or the presence of non-Syrian extreme armed groups. Therefore, solutions are either swift and short term or long term.

A political solution would come at the very front of the short term solutions, and with it the justification for many violent actions would end. The more the political work progressed, the more the mutual violence receded.

Despite the problematic nature of the security apparatuses, their presence (disregarding its current form) under clear leaderships is quite necessary for controlling the increasing security slip, restoring the state prestige and the judiciary authority, impartially holding those who made mistakes to account and eliminating terrorism.

The role of raising awareness that is played by the state and civil society institutions, and religions and media institutions would work on the longer term, and achieving justice, later on, would alleviate the state of congestion and revenge.

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