Fate of refugees and emigrants

The problem of displacement in Syria only became clearer with the consequences that resulted from the militarization of the mobility. The armed clash pushed increasing numbers of Syrians to leave their homes; some were moved to safer areas within Syria, while others fled to neighboring countries, and another segment migrated to establish business in some world capitals. Along with the increasing military actions this problem emerged into three directions:

  • The first one is associated with the displaced within the safe cities, where providing shelter and fulfilling the basic needs became increasingly difficult, especially with the long period of the displacement. This necessitated that ”the displaced” adjust with the new circumstances, which led to economic difficulties in most Syrian cities.
  • The second is related to the situation of the refugees outside Syria. The available information from some places of displacement, like Jordan, describes the size of the human suffering, in addition to the process of exploitation that has emerged by media through minors’ marriage. Moreover, in other refugee camps, such as the Turkish ones, there are problems, in addition to the human suffering, that are imposed by being near the fighting places.
  • The migration of expertise, capital and segments of some religious communities. With regards to capital, it seems very difficult on the medium term to resettle migrating capital because it is engaged in external projects, and this requires a contingency plan at the entire Syria level to discuss this matter. The migration of expertise seems less complicated, however, because it is directly linked to events taking place in Syria. Moreover, the migration of some Syrian elements, whether cultural or religious, may create an imbalance in population structure and threatens a shift in cultural identity, which obligates setting fixed strategies to overcome this issue.

The return of displaced and refugees to their regular places of residence is a fundamental issue, as it is the first step to alleviate human suffering in addition to restoring the economic and social life cycle. Without doubt, the extent of the destruction that affected the areas will need economic plans to rehabilitate residential areas, in addition to creating an economic revival plan to overcome the output of the battles in those areas.

On the other hand, the consequences of the increased rates of immigration, due to the fear of violence or worry about future, will become clear after the end of the crisis, whether through the loss of the technically and scientifically qualified personnel or the lack of human resources that are needed to overcome the crisis, which means that clear “assurances” after the return of calm would be needed to motivate the displaced to return home and to engage in processes to bypass the crisis.

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